Do child abuse and maternal care interact to predict military sexual trauma?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: The present research tested the hypothesis that maternal care moderates the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and subsequent military sexual trauma (MST). METHOD: Measures of childhood sexual abuse, maternal care, and MST were administered to 197 Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans. RESULTS: After accounting for gender, age, and the main effects of maternal care and childhood sexual abuse, the maternal care x childhood sexual abuse interaction was a significant predictor of MST (odds ratio = .28, β = -1.26, 95% confidence intervals of .10, .80). As hypothesized, rates of MST were higher among veterans who reported childhood sexual abuse and low levels of maternal care (43%) compared with veterans who reported childhood sexual abuse and high levels of maternal care (11%). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that high levels of maternal care may act as a protective factor against future revictimization among military service members. These findings have the potential to inform both prevention and intervention efforts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wilson, LC; Kimbrel, NA; Meyer, EC; Young, KA; Morissette, SB

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 378 - 386

PubMed ID

  • 25534500

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4697756

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4679

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jclp.22143


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States