Recurrent venous thromboembolism in anticoagulated patients with cancer: management and short-term prognosis.

Published

Journal Article

Recommendations for management of cancer-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients already receiving anticoagulant therapy are based on low-quality evidence. This international registry sought to provide more information on outcomes after a breakthrough VTE in relation to anticoagulation strategies.Patients with cancer and VTE despite anticoagulant therapy were reported to the registry. Data on treatments, VTE events, major bleeding, residual thrombosis symptoms and death were collected for the following 3 months. Breakthrough VTE and subsequent recurrences were objectively verified. Outcomes with different treatment strategies were compared with Cox proportional hazards regression.We registered 212 patients with breakthrough VTE. Of those, 59% had adenocarcinoma and 73% had known metastases. At the time of the breakthrough event, 70% were on low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and 27% on a vitamin K antagonist (VKA); 70% had a therapeutic or supratherapeutic dose. After breakthrough the regimen was: unchanged therapeutic dose in 33%, dose increased in 31%, switched to another drug in 24%; and other management in 11%. During the following 3 months 11% had another VTE, 8% had major bleeding and 27% died. Of the survivors, 74% had residual thrombosis symptoms. Additional VTE recurrence was less common with LMWH than with a VKA (hazard ratio [HR], 0.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.11-0.70) but similar with unchanged or increased anticoagulant intensity (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.45-2.63). The bleeding rate did not increase significantly with dose escalation.Morbidity and mortality are high after recurrence of cancer-related VTE despite anticoagulation. Further treatment appears to be more effective with LMWH than with a VKA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Schulman, S; Zondag, M; Linkins, L; Pasca, S; Cheung, YW; de Sancho, M; Gallus, A; Lecumberri, R; Molnar, S; Ageno, W; Le Gal, G; Falanga, A; Hulegårdh, E; Ranta, S; Kamphuisen, P; Debourdeau, P; Rigamonti, V; Ortel, TL; Lee, A

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1010 - 1018

PubMed ID

  • 25851122

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25851122

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7836

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1538-7933

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jth.12955

Language

  • eng