ACR Appropriateness Criteria Imaging in the Diagnosis of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.


Journal Article (Review)

Thoracic outlet syndrome is a clinical entity characterized by compression of the neurovascular bundle, and may be associated with additional findings such as venous thrombosis, arterial stenosis, or neurologic symptoms. The goal of imaging is to localize the site of compression, the compressing structure, and the compressed organ or vessel, while excluding common mimics. A literature review is provided of current indications for diagnostic imaging, with discussion of potential limitations and benefits of the respective modalities. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment. In this document, we provided guidelines for use of various imaging modalities for assessment of thoracic outlet syndrome.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moriarty, JM; Bandyk, DF; Broderick, DF; Cornelius, RS; Dill, KE; Francois, CJ; Gerhard-Herman, MD; Ginsburg, ME; Hanley, M; Kalva, SP; Kanne, JP; Ketai, LH; Majdalany, BS; Ravenel, JG; Roth, CJ; Saleh, AG; Schenker, MP; Mohammed, T-LH; Rybicki, FJ

Published Date

  • May 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 438 - 443

PubMed ID

  • 25824254

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25824254

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-349X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacr.2015.01.016


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States