Guns, Impulsive Angry Behavior, and Mental Disorders: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R).

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Analyses from the National Comorbidity Study Replication provide the first nationally representative estimates of the co-occurrence of impulsive angry behavior and possessing or carrying a gun among adults with and without certain mental disorders and demographic characteristics. The study found that a large number of individuals in the United States self-report patterns of impulsive angry behavior and also possess firearms at home (8.9%) or carry guns outside the home (1.5%). These data document associations of numerous common mental disorders and combinations of angry behavior with gun access. Because only a small proportion of persons with this risky combination have ever been involuntarily hospitalized for a mental health problem, most will not be subject to existing mental health-related legal restrictions on firearms resulting from a history of involuntary commitment. Excluding a large proportion of the general population from gun possession is also not likely to be feasible. Behavioral risk-based approaches to firearms restriction, such as expanding the definition of gun-prohibited persons to include those with violent misdemeanor convictions and multiple DUI convictions, could be a more effective public health policy to prevent gun violence in the population.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Swanson, JW; Sampson, NA; Petukhova, MV; Zaslavsky, AM; Appelbaum, PS; Swartz, MS; Kessler, RC

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 2-3

Start / End Page

  • 199 - 212

PubMed ID

  • 25850688

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5116908

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1099-0798

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/bsl.2172


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States