The effect of smoking on quality of life following sinus surgery: 10-year follow-up.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the 10-year postoperative quality of life outcomes in smokers and nonsmokers with chronic rhinosinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a single-institution prospective cohort study. METHODS: 235 patients who have previously been enrolled in a 4-year follow-up study were identified and contacted for a telephone interview. Rates of revision surgery, smoking status and 20-item sinonasal outcomes test (SNOT-20) scores were obtained. Preoperative SNOT-20 scores were compared with those obtained at the 10-year follow-up. RESULTS: Of the patients enrolled in the initial 4-year study, 22.5% were available for a telephone interview, including 43 out of 185 nonsmokers (23.2%) and 9 out of 50 smokers (18%). Demographic data including age, sex and race were analyzed and found to be similar between the two groups. Preoperative SNOT-20 scores were similar between nonsmokers and smokers (28.9 vs. 25.8, p = 0.89). There was no significant difference in long-term SNOT-20 scores (10 years postoperatively) between nonsmokers and smokers (31.5 vs. 28.2, p = 0.629). CONCLUSIONS: While cigarette smoke may have long-term adverse effects on the sinonasal mucosa, we found no difference in quality of life outcomes between smokers and nonsmokers 10 years after functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
White, LC; Kazi, AA; Jang, DW; Gurrola, J; Kountakis, SE
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