Statin Treatment by Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction/Unstable Angina Pectoris (from the CRUSADE Registry).
Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction and is a target for disease prevention. The association between initial LDL-C and statin treatment in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)/unstable angina pectoris (UAP) has not been well characterized. We explored detailed LDL-C levels and statin treatment in 22,938 patients with NSTEMI/UAP enrolled in the Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines Registry (2003 to 2006). Patients reporting home statin use or previous cardiovascular disease were excluded. We examined statin receipt at discharge across 4 categories of baseline LDL-C: very low (<70 mg/dl), low (70 to 99 mg/dl), high (100 to 129 mg/dl), and very high (≥130 mg/dl). The largest proportion of patients had LDL-C ≥130 mg/dl (32.6%), followed by LDL-C 100 to 129 mg/dl (32.1%), LDL-C 70 to 99 mg/dl (24.9%), and LDL-C <70 mg/dl (10.4%). Compared with high LDL-C categories, patients in the lowest LDL-C category had their first NSTEMI/UAP event at a significantly older age and had higher rates of other cardiovascular risk factors (including hypertension and diabetes) but were less likely to have a family history of coronary artery disease. Overall, 80.3% of eligible patients with NSTEMI/UAP received statins at discharge, ranging from 63.8% in those with very low LDL-C (<70 mg/dl) to 88.1% in those with very high LDL-C (>130 mg/dl). In conclusion, >1/3 of patients with NSTEMI/UAP had an LDL-C level <100. Those with low LDL-C were older, had more co-morbidities, and were less likely to be prescribed a statin at discharge than those with higher LDL-C.
O'Brien, EC; Simon, DN; Roe, MT; Wang, TY; Peterson, ED; Alexander, KP
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