A power-law dependence of bacterial invasion on mammalian host receptors.

Published

Journal Article

Pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria and Yersinia gain initial entry by binding to host target cells and stimulating their internalization. Bacterial uptake entails successive, increasingly strong associations between receptors on the surface of bacteria and hosts. Even with genetically identical cells grown in the same environment, there are vast differences in the number of bacteria entering any given cell. To gain insight into this variability, we examined uptake dynamics of Escherichia coli engineered to express the invasin surface receptor from Yersinia, which enables uptake via mammalian host β1-integrins. Surprisingly, we found that the uptake probability of a single bacterium follows a simple power-law dependence on the concentration of integrins. Furthermore, the value of a power-law parameter depends on the particular host-bacterium pair but not on bacterial concentration. This power-law captures the complex, variable processes underlying bacterial invasion while also enabling differentiation of cell lines.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, TJ; Wong, J; Bae, S; Lee, AJ; Lopatkin, A; Yuan, F; You, L

Published Date

  • April 16, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 4

Start / End Page

  • e1004203 -

PubMed ID

  • 25879937

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25879937

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1553-7358

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1553-734X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004203

Language

  • eng