Abuse potential of stimulant drugs used to treat ADHD
© Cambridge University Press 2011. The use of psychostimulants and, more recently, other classes of drugs for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is widespread. Although it is generally agreed that use in the United States is higher than in other countries, evidence for increasing medication use for ADHD in other countries exists (Schmidt-Troschke et al., 2004). The medications used to treat ADHD have unequivocal support for their efficacy in managing the core symptoms of ADHD in both children and adults (Faraone & Biederman, 2002; Faraone, Biederman, & Roe, 2002; Faraone et al., 2004; Wolraich, 2003). However, significant controversy has arisen in recent years over the possibility that stimulant use may be associated with substance use and abuse (Greenhill, Halperin, & Abikoff, 1999), and a significant challenge confronting researchers, clinicians, and the public is to understand the myriad issues pertaining to stimulant drug use and ADHD. To this end, the purpose of this chapter is (1) to delineate several related questions pertaining to stimulant drug use and ADHD and (2) to review the relevant research that bears on these questions. Specifically, this chapter addresses the following questions.
- ADHD in Adults: Characterization, Diagnosis, and Treatment
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International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
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