Phenex: ontological annotation of phenotypic diversity.

Published

Journal Article

Phenotypic differences among species have long been systematically itemized and described by biologists in the process of investigating phylogenetic relationships and trait evolution. Traditionally, these descriptions have been expressed in natural language within the context of individual journal publications or monographs. As such, this rich store of phenotype data has been largely unavailable for statistical and computational comparisons across studies or integration with other biological knowledge.Here we describe Phenex, a platform-independent desktop application designed to facilitate efficient and consistent annotation of phenotypic similarities and differences using Entity-Quality syntax, drawing on terms from community ontologies for anatomical entities, phenotypic qualities, and taxonomic names. Phenex can be configured to load only those ontologies pertinent to a taxonomic group of interest. The graphical user interface was optimized for evolutionary biologists accustomed to working with lists of taxa, characters, character states, and character-by-taxon matrices.Annotation of phenotypic data using ontologies and globally unique taxonomic identifiers will allow biologists to integrate phenotypic data from different organisms and studies, leveraging decades of work in systematics and comparative morphology.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Balhoff, JP; Dahdul, WM; Kothari, CR; Lapp, H; Lundberg, JG; Mabee, P; Midford, PE; Westerfield, M; Vision, TJ

Published Date

  • May 5, 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 5

Start / End Page

  • e10500 -

PubMed ID

  • 20463926

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20463926

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-6203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1932-6203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0010500

Language

  • eng