Alteration of the rat cecal microbiome during colonization with the helminth Hymenolepis diminuta.

Journal Article

The microbiome is now widely recognized as being important in health and disease, and makes up a substantial subset of the biome within the ecosystem of the vertebrate body. At the same time, multicellular, eukaryotic organisms such as helminths are being recognized as an important component of the biome that shaped the evolution of our genes. The absence of these macroscopic organisms during the early development and life of humans in Western culture probably leads to a wide range of human immunological diseases. However, the interaction between the microbiome and macroscopic components of the biome remains poorly characterized. In this study, the microbiome of the cecum in rats colonized for 2 generations with the small intestinal helminth Hymenolepis diminuta was evaluated. The introduction of this benign helminth, which is of considerable therapeutic interest, led to several changes in the cecal microbiome. Most of the changes were within the Firmicutes phylum, involved about 20% of the total bacteria, and generally entailed a shift from Bacilli to Clostridia species in the presence of the helminth. The results point toward ecological relationships between various components of the biome, with the observed shifts in the microbiome suggesting potential mechanisms by which this helminth might exert therapeutic effects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McKenney, EA; Williamson, L; Yoder, AD; Rawls, JF; Bilbo, SD; Parker, W

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 182 - 193

PubMed ID

  • 25942385

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1949-0984

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1949-0976

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/19490976.2015.1047128

Language

  • eng