Early-Life Intelligence Predicts Midlife Biological Age.

Published

Journal Article

Early-life intelligence has been shown to predict multiple causes of death in populations around the world. This finding suggests that intelligence might influence mortality through its effects on a general process of physiological deterioration (i.e., individual variation in "biological age"). We examined whether intelligence could predict measures of aging at midlife before the onset of most age-related disease.We tested whether intelligence assessed in early childhood, middle childhood, and midlife predicted midlife biological age in members of the Dunedin Study, a population-representative birth cohort.Lower intelligence predicted more advanced biological age at midlife as captured by perceived facial age, a 10-biomarker algorithm based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), and Framingham heart age (r = 0.1-0.2). Correlations between intelligence and telomere length were less consistent. The associations between intelligence and biological age were not explained by differences in childhood health or parental socioeconomic status, and intelligence remained a significant predictor of biological age even when intelligence was assessed before Study members began their formal schooling.These results suggest that accelerated aging may serve as one of the factors linking low early-life intelligence to increased rates of morbidity and mortality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Schaefer, JD; Caspi, A; Belsky, DW; Harrington, H; Houts, R; Israel, S; Levine, ME; Sugden, K; Williams, B; Poulton, R; Moffitt, TE

Published Date

  • November 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 968 - 977

PubMed ID

  • 26014827

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26014827

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1758-5368

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1079-5014

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/geronb/gbv035

Language

  • eng