Search for dinucleon decay into pions at Super-Kamiokande
© 2015 American Physical Society.A search for dinucleon decay into pions with the Super-Kamiokande detector has been performed with an exposure of 282.1 kiloton-years. Dinucleon decay is a process that violates baryon number by two units. We present the first search for dinucleon decay to pions in a large water-Cherenkov detector. The modes O16(pp)→C14π+π+, O16(pn)→N14π+π0, and O16(nn)→O14π0π0 are investigated. No significant excess in the Super-Kamiokande data has been found, so a lower limit on the lifetime of the process per oxygen nucleus is determined. These limits are τpp→π+π+>7.22×1031years, τpn→π+π0>1.70×1032years, and τnn→π0π0>4.04×1032years. The lower limits on each mode are about 2 orders of magnitude better than previous limits from searches for dinucleon decay in iron.
Gustafson, J; Abe, K; Haga, Y; Hayato, Y; Ikeda, M; Iyogi, K; Kameda, J; Kishimoto, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakajima, T; Nakano, Y; Nakayama, S; Orii, A; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Takeda, A; Tanaka, H; Tomura, T; Wendell, RA; Irvine, T; Kajita, T; Kametani, I; Kaneyuki, K; Nishimura, Y; Richard, E; Okumura, K; Labarga, L; Fernandez, P; Berkman, S; Tanaka, HA; Tobayama, S; Kearns, E; Raaf, JL; Stone, JL; Sulak, LR; Goldhaber, M; Carminati, G; Kropp, WR; Mine, S; Weatherly, P; Renshaw, A; Smy, MB; Sobel, HW; Takhistov, V; Ganezer, KS; Hartfiel, BL; Hill, J; Hong, N; Kim, JY; Lim, IT; Akiri, T; Himmel, A; Scholberg, K; Walter, CW; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Jang, JS; Learned, JG; Matsuno, S; Smith, SN; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, AT; Takeuchi, Y; Yano, T; Hirota, S; Huang, K; Ieki, K; Kikawa, T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Suzuki, K; Takahashi, S; Fukuda, Y; Choi, K; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Suzuki, T; Mijakowski, P; Hignight, J; Imber, J; Jung, CK; Palomino, JL; Yanagisawa, C; Ishino, H; Kayano, T; Kibayashi, A; Koshio, Y; Mori, T; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Tacik, R; Kim, SB; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Koshiba, M; Suda, Y; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Bronner, C; Martens, K; Marti, L; Suzuki, Y; Vagins, MR; Martin, JF; Perio, PD; Konaka, A; Wilking, MJ; Chen, S; Zhang, Y; Wilkes, RJ
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