Are lifestyle behavioral factors associated with health-related quality of life in long-term survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

Journal Article (Journal Article)


The objective of the current study was to determine whether survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are meeting select American Cancer Society (ACS) health-related guidelines for cancer survivors, as well as to examine relationships between these lifestyle factors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and posttraumatic stress (PTS).


A cross-sectional sample of 566 survivors of NHL was identified from the tumor registries of 2 large academic medical centers. Respondents were surveyed regarding physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, body weight, tobacco use, HRQoL using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36, and PTS using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder CheckList-Civilian form. Lifestyle cluster scores were generated based on whether individuals met health guidelines and multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate relationships between lifestyle behaviors and HRQoL scores and PTS scores.


Approximately 11% of participants met all 4 ACS health recommendations. Meeting all 4 healthy recommendations was related to better physical and mental QoL (standardized regression coefficient [β], .57 [P<.0001] and β, .47 [P = .002]) and to lower PTS scores (β, -0.41; P = .01).


Survivors of NHL who met more ACS health-related guidelines appeared to have better HRQoL and less PTS. Unfortunately, many survivors are not meeting these guidelines, which could impact their overall well-being and longevity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Spector, DJ; Noonan, D; Mayer, DK; Benecha, H; Zimmerman, S; Smith, SK

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 121 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 3343 - 3351

PubMed ID

  • 26036473

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4560969

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0142

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-543X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cncr.29490


  • eng