The ketogenic diet for the treatment of pediatric status epilepticus.
BACKGROUND: Refractory status epilepticus carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality for children. Traditional treatment of status epilepticus consists of multiple anticonvulsant drugs and, if needed, induction of a medical coma. The ketogenic diet has been used for intractable epilepsy for many years. The purpose of this article is to report a case series of five patients with refractory status epilepticus successfully managed with the ketogenic diet. METHODS: A summary of pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus treated with diet was performed. CONCLUSIONS: Ketogenic diet therapy should be considered as a treatment option in pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus.
O'Connor, SE; Ream, MA; Richardson, C; Mikati, MA; Trescher, WH; Byler, DL; Sather, JD; Michael, EH; Urbanik, KB; Richards, JL; Davis, R; Zupanc, ML; Zupec-Kania, B
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