A prochelator peptide designed to use heterometallic cooperativity to enhance metal ion affinity.
A peptide has been designed so that its chelating affinity for one type of metal ion regulates its affinity for a second, different type of metal ion. The prochelator peptide (PCP), which is a fusion of motifs evocative of calcium loops and zinc fingers, forms a 1 : 2 Zn : peptide complex at pH 7.4 that increases its affinity for Zn2+
∼3-fold in the presence of Tb3+
from 13.8 to 14.3), while the 1 : 1 luminescent complex with Tb3+
is brighter, longer lived, and 20-fold tighter in the presence of Zn2+
from 6.2 to 7.5). This unique example of cooperative, heterometallic allostery in a biologically compatible construct suggests the possibility of designing conditionally active metal-binding agents that could respond to dynamic changes in cellular metal status.
Alies, B; Wiener, JD; Franz, KJ
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