6-Month Outcomes in Patients With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators Undergoing Renal Sympathetic Denervation for the Treatment of Refractory Ventricular Arrhythmias.
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess 6-month outcomes in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) undergoing renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) for refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). BACKGROUND: ICDs are generally indicated for patients at high risk of malignant VAs. Sympathetic hyperactivity plays a critical role in the development, maintenance, and aggravation of VAs. METHODS: A total of 10 patients with refractory VA underwent RSD. Underlying conditions were Chagas disease (n = 6), nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (n = 2), and ischemic cardiomyopathy (n = 2). Information on the number of ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) episodes and device therapies (antitachycardia pacing/shocks) in the previous 6 months as well as 1 and 6 months post-treatment was obtained from ICD interrogation. RESULTS: The median number of VT/VF episodes/antitachycardia pacing/shocks 6 months before RSD was 28.5 (range 1 to 106)/20.5 (range 0 to 52)/8 (range 0 to 88), respectively, and was reduced to 1 (range 0 to 17)/0 (range 0 to 7)/0 (range 0 to 3) at 1 month and 0 (range 0 to 9)/0 (range 0 to 7)/0 (range 0 to 3) at 6 months afterward, respectively. There were no major procedure-related complications. Two patients experienced sustained VT within the first week; in both cases, no further episodes occurred during follow-up. Two patients were nonresponders: 1 with persistent idioventricular rhythm and 1 with multiple renal arteries and incomplete ablation. Three patients died during follow-up. None of the deaths was attributed to VA. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ICDs and refractory VAs, RSD was associated with reduced arrhythmic burden with no procedure-related complications. Randomized controlled trials investigating RSD for treatment of refractory VAs in patients with increased sympathetic activity are needed.
Armaganijan, LV; Staico, R; Moreira, DAR; Lopes, RD; Medeiros, PTJ; Habib, R; Melo Neto, J; Katz, M; Armaganijan, D; Sousa, AGMR; Mahfoud, F; Abizaid, A
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