The role of hedgehog signalling in skeletal health and disease.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Hedgehog ligands bind to protein patched homologue 1 (PTC), a conserved receptor that activates the GLI family of transcription factors, which are involved in development, disease and skeletal repair processes. During embryonic development, hedgehog signalling helps to pattern the limbs and plays a critical part in regulating chondrocyte differentiation and osteogenesis during the longitudinal growth of long bones. This signalling pathway also regulates mesenchymal cell differentiation during skeletal repair and regeneration. In pathologic and degenerative processes, such as osteoarthritis or cartilaginous tumour formation, hedgehog signalling is dysregulated. Several pharmacologic strategies can modulate hedgehog signalling, and targeting this pathway could lead to the development of novel therapeutic approaches. For example, by precisely regulating the level of activity of the hedgehog signalling pathway, the pace of degeneration in osteoarthritis could be slowed, bone repair could be enhanced, and cartilaginous tumour cell viability could be inhibited. As such, regulation of hedgehog signalling could be manipulated to safeguard skeletal health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Alman, BA

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 552 - 560

PubMed ID

  • 26077918

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26077918

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1759-4804

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nrrheum.2015.84

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States