Prolonged Correction of Serum Phosphorus in Adults With X-Linked Hypophosphatemia Using Monthly Doses of KRN23.
CONTEXT: In X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) decreases the renal tubular maximum reabsorption rate of phosphate/glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR) and serum inorganic phosphorus (Pi), resulting in rickets and/or osteomalacia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that monthly KRN23 (anti-FGF23 antibody) would safely improve serum Pi in adults with XLH. DESIGN: Two sequential open-label phase 1/2 studies were done. SETTING: Six academic medical centers were used. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight adults with XLH participated in a 4-month dose-escalation study (0.05-0.6 mg/kg); 22 entered a 12-month extension study (0.1-1 mg/kg). INTERVENTION: KRN23 was injected sc every 28 days. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The main outcome measure was the proportion of subjects attaining normal serum Pi and safety. RESULTS: At baseline, mean TmP/GFR, serum Pi, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] were 1.6 ± 0.4 mg/dL, 1.9 ± 0.3 mg/dL, and 36.6 ± 14.3 pg/mL, respectively. During dose escalation, TmP/GFR, Pi, and 1,25(OH)2D increased, peaking at 7 days for TmP/GFR and Pi and at 3-7 days for 1,25(OH)2D, remaining above (TmP/GFR, Pi) or near [1,25(OH)2D] pre-dose levels at trough. After each of the four escalating doses, peak Pi was between 2.5 and 4.5 mg/dL in 14.8, 37.0, 74.1, and 88.5% of subjects, respectively. During the 12-month extension, peak Pi was in the normal range for 57.9-85.0% of subjects, and ≥25% maintained trough Pi levels within the normal range. Serum Pi did not exceed 4.5 mg/dL in any subject. Although 1,25(OH)2D levels increased transiently, mean serum and urinary calcium remained normal. KRN23 treatment increased biomarkers of skeletal turnover and had a favorable safety profile. CONCLUSIONS: Monthly KRN23 significantly increased serum Pi, TmP/GFR, and 1,25(OH)2D in all subjects. KRN23 has potential for effectively treating XLH.
Imel, EA; Zhang, X; Ruppe, MD; Weber, TJ; Klausner, MA; Ito, T; Vergeire, M; Humphrey, JS; Glorieux, FH; Portale, AA; Insogna, K; Peacock, M; Carpenter, TO
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