The Academic Gap: An International Comparison of the Time Allocation of Academically Talented Students


Journal Article

© 2015, © 2015 National Association for Gifted Children. Despite growing concern about the need to develop talent across the globe, relatively little empirical research has examined how students develop their academic talents. Toward this end, the current study explored how academically talented students from the United States and India spend their time both in and out of school. Indian students reported spending roughly 11 more hours on academics than their U.S. peers during the weekend in both STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) and non-STEM topics. U.S. students reported spending about 5.4 more hours than their Indian peers on non-STEM academics during the week, leaving an approximately 7-hour-a-week academic gap between U.S. and Indian students. Additionally, U.S. students reported using electronics over 14 hours per week more than their Indian peers. Indian students also reported having control over a greater proportion of their time during the week than U.S. students did. Generally, there were far more cross-cultural differences than gender differences. These results inform discussions on how academically talented students develop within educational systems as well as what each culture supports in and out of school.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Makel, MC; Wai, J; Putallaz, M; Malone, PS

Published Date

  • January 1, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 177 - 189

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1934-9041

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0016-9862

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0016986215578746

Citation Source

  • Scopus