Latent Factor Structure of DSM-5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.


Journal Article

The current study examined the latent factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on DSM-5 criteria in a sample of participants (N = 374) recruited for studies on trauma and health. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were used to compare the fit of the previous 3-factor DSM-IV model of PTSD to the 4-factor model specified in DSM-5 as well as to a competing 4-factor "dysphoria" model (Simms, Watson, & Doebbeling, 2002) and a 5-factor (Elhai et al., 2011) model of PTSD. Results indicated that the Elhai 5-factor model (re-experiencing, active avoidance, emotional numbing, dysphoric arousal, anxious arousal) provided the best fit to the data, although substantial support was demonstrated for the DSM-5 4-factor model. Low factor loadings were noted for two of the symptoms in the DSM-5 model (psychogenic amnesia and reckless/self-destructive behavior), which raises questions regarding the adequacy of fit of these symptoms with other core features of the disorder. Overall, the findings from the present research suggest the DSM-5 model of PTSD is a significant improvement over the previous DSM-IV model of PTSD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gentes, E; Dennis, PA; Kimbrel, NA; Kirby, AC; Hair, LP; Beckham, JC; Calhoun, PS

Published Date

  • 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 17 - 29

PubMed ID

  • 26366290

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26366290

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2051-8315

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.5127/pr.035914


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England