Coupled thermo-mechanical analysis of shape memory alloy circular bars in pure torsion
Pure torsion of shape memory alloy (SMA) bars with circular cross section is studied by considering the effect of temperature gradient in the cross sections as a result of latent heat generation and absorption during forward and reverse phase transformations. The local form of energy balance for SMAs by taking into account the heat flux effect is coupled to a closed-form solution of SMA bars subjected to pure torsion. The resulting coupled thermo-mechanical equations are solved for SMA bars with circular cross sections. Several numerical case studies are presented and the necessity of considering the coupled thermo-mechanical formulation is demonstrated by comparing the results of the proposed model with those obtained by assuming an isothermal process during loading-unloading. Pure torsion of SMA bars in various ambient conditions (free and forced convection of air, and forced convection of water flow) subjected to different loading-unloading rates are studied and it is shown that the isothermal solution is valid only for specific combinations of ambient conditions and loading rates. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Mirzaeifar, R; Desroches, R; Yavari, A; Gall, K
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