Stability and structural transition of gold nanowires under their own surface stresses
First-principle, tight binding, and semi-empirical embedded atom calculations are used to investigate a tetragonal phase transformation in gold nanowires. As wire diameter is decreased, tight binding and modified embedded atom simulations predict a surface-stress-induced phase transformation from a face-centered-cubic (fee) 〈1007〉 nanowire into a body-centered- tetragonal (bet) nanowire. In bulk gold, all theoretical approaches predict a local energy minimum at the bet phase, but tight binding and first principle calculations predict elastic instability of the bulk bet phase. The predicted existence of the stable bet phase in the nanowires is thus attributed to constraint from surface stresses. The results demonstrate that surface stresses are theoretically capable of inducing phase transformation and subsequent phase stability in nanometer scale metallic wires under appropriate conditions. © 2005 Materials Research Society.
Gall, K; Haftel, M; Diao, J; Dunn', ML; Bernstein, N; Mehl, MJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
International Standard Book Number 10 (ISBN-10)
International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)