Stress-induced chemical detection using flexible metal-organic frameworks

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this work we demonstrate the concept of stress-induced chemical detection using metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) by integrating a thin film of the MOF HKUST-1 with a microcantilever surface. The results show that the energy of molecular adsorption, which causes slight distortions in the MOF crystal structure, can be converted to mechanical energy to create a highly responsive, reversible, and selective sensor. This sensor responds to water, methanol, and ethanol vapors, but yields no response to either N2 or O2. The magnitude of the signal, which is measured by a built-in piezoresistor, is correlated with the concentration and can be fitted to a Langmuir isotherm. Furthermore, we show that the hydration state of the MOF layer can be used to impart selectivity to CO2. Finally, we report the first use of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy to characterize the structure of a MOF film. We conclude that the synthetic versatility of these nanoporous materials holds great promise for creating recognition chemistries to enable selective detection of a wide range of analytes. Copyright © 2008 American Chemical Society.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Allendorf, MD; Houk, RJT; Andruszkiewicz, L; Talin, AA; Pikarsky, J; Choudhury, A; Gall, KA; Hesketh, PJ

Published Date

  • November 5, 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 130 / 44

Start / End Page

  • 14404 - 14405

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-7863

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ja805235k

Citation Source

  • Scopus