Natural experiment in deviant peer exposure and youth recidivism.

Published

Journal Article

Little empirical data exist addressing potential iatrogenic effects of placing youth in juvenile justice settings. We took advantage of a natural experiment in one state where juvenile offenders are evaluated in either residential settings characterized by high-density contact with delinquent youth or community settings with naturally varying contact with delinquent peers. Higher rates of subsequent recidivism were found among first-time offenders when evaluation occurred in residential (N = 1,255) as opposed to community settings (N = 752). This finding was replicated in a subset (N = 634 per group) matched using propensity scores for five predictors of recidivism. Findings are interpreted in light of a deviancy training process occurring in residential juvenile justice settings.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shapiro, CJ; Smith, BH; Malone, PS; Collaro, AL

Published Date

  • January 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 242 - 251

PubMed ID

  • 20390815

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20390815

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-4424

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1537-4416

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/15374410903532635

Language

  • eng