The correspondence bias.


Journal Article (Review)

The correspondence bias is the tendency to draw inferences about a person's unique and enduring dispositions from behaviors that can be entirely explained by the situations in which they occur. Although this tendency is one of the most fundamental phenomena in social psychology, its causes and consequences remain poorly understood. This article sketches an intellectual history of the correspondence bias as an evolving problem in social psychology, describes 4 mechanisms (lack of awareness, unrealistic expectations, inflated categorizations, and incomplete corrections) that produce distinct forms of correspondence bias, and discusses how the consequences of correspondence-biased inferences may perpetuate such inferences.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gilbert, DT; Malone, PS

Published Date

  • January 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 117 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 21 - 38

PubMed ID

  • 7870861

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7870861

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1455

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-2909

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0033-2909.117.1.21


  • eng