Expression of CRISPR/Cas single guide RNAs using small tRNA promoters.

Published

Journal Article

The in vivo application of CRISPR/Cas-based DNA editing technology will require the development of efficient delivery methods that likely will be dependent on adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based viral vectors. However, AAV vectors have only a modest, ∼4.7-kb packaging capacity, which will necessitate the identification and characterization of highly active Cas9 proteins that are substantially smaller than the prototypic Streptococcus pyogenes Cas9 protein, which covers ∼4.2 kb of coding sequence, as well as the development of single guide RNA (sgRNA) expression cassettes substantially smaller than the current ∼360 bp size. Here, we report that small, ∼70-bp tRNA promoters can be used to express high levels of tRNA:sgRNA fusion transcripts that are efficiently and precisely cleaved by endogenous tRNase Z to release fully functional sgRNAs. Importantly, cells stably expressing functional tRNA:sgRNA precursors did not show a detectable change in the level of endogenous tRNA expression. This novel sgRNA expression strategy should greatly facilitate the construction of effective AAV-based Cas9/sgRNA vectors for future in vivo use.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mefferd, AL; Kornepati, AVR; Bogerd, HP; Kennedy, EM; Cullen, BR

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1683 - 1689

PubMed ID

  • 26187160

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26187160

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-9001

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1355-8382

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1261/rna.051631.115

Language

  • eng