ISAR Imaging of Nonuniformly Rotating Target Based on a Fast Parameter Estimation Algorithm of Cubic Phase Signal


Journal Article

© 1980-2012 IEEE. In inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging of nonuniformly rotating targets, such as highly maneuvering airplanes and ships fluctuating with oceanic waves, azimuth echoes have to be modeled as cubic phase signals (CPSs) after the range migration compensation and the translational-induced phase error correction. For the CPS model, the chirp rate and the quadratic chirp rate, which deteriorate the azimuth focusing quality due to the Doppler frequency shift, need to be estimated with a parameter estimation algorithm. In this paper, by employing the proposed generalized scaled Fourier transform (GSCFT) and the nonuniform fast Fourier transform (NUFFT), a fast parameter estimation algorithm is presented and utilized in the ISAR imaging of the nonuniformly rotating target. Compared to the scaled Fourier transform-based algorithm, advantages of the fast parameter estimation algorithm include the following: 1) the computational cost is lower due to the utilization of the NUFFT, and 2) the GSCFT has a wider applicability in ISAR imaging applications. The CPS model and the algorithm implementation are verified with the real radar data of a ship target. In addition, the cross-term, which plays an important role in correlation algorithms, is analyzed for the fast parameter estimation algorithm. Through simulations of the synthetic data and the real radar data, we verify the effectiveness of the fast parameter estimation algorithm and the corresponding ISAR imaging algorithm.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zheng, J; Su, T; Zhu, W; Zhang, L; Liu, Z; Liu, QH

Published Date

  • September 1, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 4727 - 4740

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0196-2892

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2408350

Citation Source

  • Scopus