Frequency of Malignancy and Imaging Characteristics of Probably Benign Lesions Seen at Breast MRI.
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the frequency, follow-up compliance, and cancer rate of MRI BI-RADS category 3 lesions and to determine the cancer rate for individual BI-RADS descriptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of breast MRI examinations with an assessment of probably benign (BI-RADS category 3) from among 4279 consecutive breast MRI examinations performed from January 2005 through December 2009. The review revealed 282 (6.6%) examinations with 332 lesions defined as BI-RADS 3. Pathologic results, 2 years of follow-up imaging findings, or both were reviewed. The frequency of BI-RADS 3 assessments, follow-up imaging compliance, and cancer yield were calculated. Three fellowship-trained breast imagers reevaluated all lesions and recorded descriptors from the MRI lexicon of the fifth edition of the BI-RADS atlas. The distribution and likelihood of malignancy for each descriptor were calculated. RESULTS: The follow-up compliance rate was 84.3% (280/332), and the malignancy rate was 4.3% (12/280). There were 50 (17.9%) individual foci, 61 (21.8%) multiple foci, 74 (26.4%) masses, and 95 (33.9%) nonmass enhancement lesions. Masses were most commonly oval (59.5% [44/74]), circumscribed (75.7% [56/74]), and homogeneously enhancing (43.2% [32/74]). Nonmass enhancement was most commonly focal (57.9% [55/95]) with heterogeneous enhancement (53.7% [51/95]) Most of the lesions had persistent kinetics (74.3% [208/280]). The background parenchymal enhancement was most commonly mild (51.1% [143/280]). CONCLUSION: MRI BI-RADS category 3 is not frequently used, and the levels of patient compliance with follow-up imaging are acceptable. The cancer yield for probably benign lesions is greater for MRI-detected than for mammographically detected lesions, especially for specific BI-RADS descriptors.
Grimm, LJ; Anderson, AL; Baker, JA; Johnson, KS; Walsh, R; Yoon, SC; Ghate, SV
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