Do modern techniques improve core decompression outcomes for hip osteonecrosis?

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Core decompression procedures have been used in osteonecrosis of the femoral head to attempt to delay the joint destruction that may necessitate hip arthroplasty. The efficacy of core decompressions has been variable with many variations of technique described. To determine whether the efficacy of this procedure has improved during the last 15 years using modern techniques, we compared recently reported radiographic and clinical success rates to results of surgeries performed before 1992. Additionally, we evaluated the outcomes of our cohort of 52 patients (79 hips) who were treated with multiple small-diameter drillings. There was a decrease in the proportion of patients undergoing additional surgeries and an increase in radiographic success when comparing pre-1992 results to patients treated in the last 15 years. However, there were fewer Stage III hips in the more recent reports, suggesting that patient selection was an important reason for this improvement. The results of the small-diameter drilling cohort were similar to other recent reports. Patients who had small lesions and were Ficat Stage I had the best results with 79% showing no radiographic progression. Our study confirms core decompression is a safe and effective procedure for treating early stage femoral head osteonecrosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Marker, DR; Seyler, TM; Ulrich, SD; Srivastava, S; Mont, MA

Published Date

  • May 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 466 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1093 - 1103

PubMed ID

  • 18392909

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2311489

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-921X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11999-008-0184-9


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States