Induction of miR-132 and miR-212 Expression by Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 (GLP-1) in Rodent and Human Pancreatic β-Cells.
Better understanding how glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) promotes pancreatic β-cell function and/or mass may uncover new treatment for type 2 diabetes. In this study, we investigated the potential involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the effect of GLP-1 on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. miRNA levels in INS-1 cells and isolated rodent and human islets treated with GLP-1 in vitro and in vivo (with osmotic pumps) were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. The role of miRNAs on insulin secretion was studied by transfecting INS-1 cells with either precursors or antisense inhibitors of miRNAs. Among the 250 miRNAs surveyed, miR-132 and miR-212 were significantly up-regulated by GLP-1 by greater than 2-fold in INS-1 832/3 cells, which were subsequently reproduced in freshly isolated rat, mouse, and human islets, as well as the islets from GLP-1 infusion in vivo in mice. The inductions of miR-132 and miR-212 by GLP-1 were correlated with cAMP production and were blocked by the protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 but not affected by the exchange protein activated by cAMP activator 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP-AM. GLP-1 failed to increase miR-132 or miR-212 expression levels in the 832/13 line of INS-1 cells, which lacks robust cAMP and insulin responses to GLP-1 treatment. Overexpression of miR-132 or miR-212 significantly enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in both 832/3 and 832/13 cells, and restored insulin responses to GLP-1 in INS-1 832/13 cells. GLP-1 increases the expression of miRNAs 132 and 212 via a cAMP/protein kinase A-dependent pathway in pancreatic β-cells. Overexpression of miR-132 or miR-212 enhances glucose and GLP-1-stimulated insulin secretion.
Shang, J; Li, J; Keller, MP; Hohmeier, HE; Wang, Y; Feng, Y; Zhou, HH; Shen, X; Rabaglia, M; Soni, M; Attie, AD; Newgard, CB; Thornberry, NA; Howard, AD; Zhou, Y-P
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