The oral CYP17-Lyase (L) inhibitor VT-464 in patients with CRPC.
187 Background: VT-464 is an oral, non-steroidal inhibitor of CYP17-L and an antagonist of androgen receptor (AR) variants F876L and T877A which are associated with resistance to enzalutamide (ENZ) and abiraterone/prednisone (AA), respectively. INO-VT-464-CL-001 is a Phase (Ph) 1/2 study of VT-464 in treatment-naïve (TN) and treatment-failure (TF) patients with CRPC. Results are reported for Ph 1 (TN patients) and early results from Ph 2 patients. Methods: Phase 1: safety, tolerability, PK and initial efficacy (PSA and steroid concentrations) in M0 and M1 TN patients in escalated dose-cohorts from 50 to 600 mg bid in 28-day continuous dosing cycles. Phase 2: preliminary efficacy in M0 and M1 TN and TF (post-AA, -ENZ, and/or CHEMO) patients at 450 mg bid. Results: In Ph 1, 26 TN patients received VT-464 at 50 mg bid (n=1), 100 mg bid (n=1), 200 mg bid (n=4), 300 mg bid (n=8), 450 mg bid (n=9) and 600 mg bid (n=3) with 2 patients currently on study (15 and 29 months). Another 10 TN patients received VT-464 in Ph 2 at 450 mg bid. Most Ph 1 adverse events (AEs) were grade 1 or 2 and not considered drug related. There were 18 grade 3 AEs and 1 grade 5 AE considered not related to study drug, plus 4 grade 3 AEs (vasovagal/syncope) considered at least possibly related. For a single oral 450 mg dose, t½ was 6.8±0.8h (mean±SEM), Cmax was 8.6±1.2uM and Tmax was 3.4±0.7h. 19 of 26 Ph 1 and Ph 2 TN patients who received from 300 to 600 mg bid had PSA responses (6 PSA30%, 2 PSA50% and 1 PSA90% response). Preliminary PSA responses in Ph 2 TF patients included a PSA90% response in a prior-ENZ pre-chemo patient and a PSA50% response in a prior-ENZ and -chemo patient. No mineralocorticoid excess syndrome (MES) or changes in ACTH response or LFTs were observed. Plasma testosterone concentrations were reduced to near or below the limit of quantification in most patients at ≥ 450 mg bid, with normal progesterone and cortisol concentrations. No supplemental steroids were used. Conclusions: Clinical results at the doses evaluated support VT-464 CYP17 L-selectivity. The PSA50% and PSA90% responses in 2 of 7 prior Xtandi patients, combined with a lack of MES despite no supplemental steroids, warrants further investigation in the ongoing Ph 2 study, particularly in prior ENZ and AA patients. Clinical trial information: NCT02012920.
De Bono, JS; Pezaro, CJ; Gillessen, S; Shore, ND; Nordquist, LT; Efstathiou, E; Araujo, JC; Berry, WR; Liu, G; Vogelzang, NJ; Omlin, AG; Schotzinger, RJ; Eisner, JR; Moore, WR
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