Challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of depression in autism spectrum disorders across the lifespan.

Journal Article

Diagnosis and treatment of comorbid neuropsychiatric illness is often a secondary focus of treatment in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), given that substantial impairment may be caused by core symptoms of ASD itself. However, psychiatric comorbidities, including depressive disorders, are common and frequently result in additional functional impairment, treatment costs, and burden on caregivers. Clinicians may struggle to appropriately diagnose depression in ASD due to communication deficits, atypical presentation of depression in ASD, and lack of standardized diagnostic tools. Specific risk and resilience factors for depression in ASD across the lifespan, including level of functioning, age, family history, and coping style, have been suggested, but require further study. Treatment with medications or psychotherapy may be beneficial, though more research is required to establish guidelines for management of symptoms. This review will describe typical presentations of depression in individuals with ASD, review current information on the prevalence, assessment, and treatment of comorbid depression in individuals with ASD, and identify important research gaps.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chandrasekhar, T; Sikich, L

Published Date

  • June 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 219 - 227

PubMed ID

  • 26246795

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1958-5969

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1294-8322

Language

  • eng