Racial differences of lipoprotein subclass distributions in postmenopausal women.

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: We assessed racial differences in lipoprotein particle size, a marker of atherosclerosis risk, among women with coronary disease. METHODS: We studied 378 women (33% non-White, predominantly African American) at the baseline visit of the Women's Angiographic Vitamin and Estrogen Trial (WAVE), a multicenter trial of hormone replacement and antioxidant vitamin therapy in postmenopausal women with established coronary artery disease. Average particle sizes for high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low-density lipoprotein were measured by nuclear magnetic resonance in these women, and angiography was performed at baseline and followup. RESULTS: Adjusted for age, race, diabetes, smoking, blood pressure, and use of lipid-lowering and antihypertensive medications, non-White women had larger LDL particle size (difference .2 nm, 95% CI .1-.3 nm) and HDL particle size (difference.2 nm, 95% CI .1-.2 nm). Neither angiographic disease progression nor survival without myocardial infarction (median follow-up time of 2.8 years) was associated with lipoprotein particle size or race. CONCLUSIONS: Non-White women have a less atherogenic profile of lipoprotein particle sizes than do White women. However, this difference did not affect event-free survival or angiographic progression of coronary atherosclerosis.

Cited Authors

  • Vora, AN; Ouyang, P; Bittner, V; Tardif, J-C; Waters, DD; Vaidya, D

Published Date

  • January 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 176 - 180

PubMed ID

  • 18507270

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1945-0826

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1049-510X

Language

  • eng