Radiation exposure in gastroenterology: improving patient and staff protection.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Medical imaging involving the use of ionizing radiation has brought enormous benefits to society and patients. In the past several decades, exposure to medical radiation has increased markedly, driven primarily by the use of computed tomography. Ionizing radiation has been linked to carcinogenesis. Whether low-dose medical radiation exposure will result in the development of malignancy is uncertain. This paper reviews the current evidence for such risk, and aims to inform the gastroenterologist of dosages of radiation associated with commonly ordered procedures and diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The use of medical radiation must always be justified and must enable patients to be exposed at the lowest reasonable dose. Recommendations provided herein for minimizing radiation exposure are based on currently available evidence and Working Party expert consensus.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ho, IKH; Cash, BD; Cohen, H; Hanauer, SB; Inkster, M; Johnson, DA; Maher, MM; Rex, DK; Saad, A; Singh, A; Rehani, MM; Quigley, EM

Published Date

  • August 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 109 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1180 - 1194

PubMed ID

  • 24842339

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24842339

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1572-0241

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9270

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ajg.2014.122

Language

  • eng