Impact of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) actions on radiation protection of patients in many countries.

Journal Article (Review)

In the 1990s, there was a lack of information on patient doses in most developing countries. In 2004, the International Atomic Energy Agency initiated projects aimed at assessing 'how safe are patients in radiological procedures and how to make them safer'. The major obstacle was a lack of medical physicists with patient dosimetry skills and a lack of dosimetry facilities. Actions taken were such as to yield results within a short span of time and a number of publications with interesting findings. Results showed that while patient doses in radiography are largely within diagnostic reference levels (DRLs), poor image quality is rampant. In mammography, CT and interventional procedures, doses higher than DRLs were observed. Dose management actions were implemented and significant improvements emerged. Utilising existing manpower (physicists, regulators, radiographers, radiologists), preparing detailed guidelines and data collection forms, focussing training on acquiring dosimetry skills, a system of periodic reports with mentoring and motivating collaborations within each country are some of the reasons for the success of the project.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rehani, MM; Tsapaki, V

Published Date

  • September 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 147 / 1-2

Start / End Page

  • 34 - 37

PubMed ID

  • 21725082

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21725082

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1742-3406

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/rpd/ncr259


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England