Evidence for fumonisin inhibition of ceramide synthase in humans consuming maize-based foods and living in high exposure communities in Guatemala.

Journal Article

Fumonisin (FB) occurs in maize and is an inhibitor of ceramide synthase (CerS). We determined the urinary FB1 (UFB1 ) and sphingoid base 1-phosphate levels in blood from women consuming maize in high and low FB exposure communities in Guatemala.FB1 intake was estimated using the UFB1 . Sphinganine 1-phosphate (Sa 1-P), sphingosine 1-phosphate (So 1-P), and the Sa 1-P/So 1-P ratio were determined in blood spots collected on absorbent paper at the same time as urine collection. In the first study, blood spots and urine were collected every 3 months (March 2011 to February 2012) from women living in low (Chimaltenango and Escuintla) and high (Jutiapa) FB exposure communities (1240 total recruits). The UFB1 , Sa 1-P/So 1-P ratio, and Sa 1-P/mL in blood spots were significantly higher in the high FB1 intake community compared to the low FB1 intake communities. The results were confirmed in a follow-up study (February 2013) involving 299 women living in low (Sacatepéquez) and high (Santa Rosa and Chiquimula) FB exposure communities.High levels of FB1 intake are correlated with changes in Sa 1-P and the Sa 1-P/So 1-P ratio in human blood in a manner consistent with FB1 inhibition of CerS.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Riley, RT; Torres, O; Matute, J; Gregory, SG; Ashley-Koch, AE; Showker, JL; Mitchell, T; Voss, KA; Maddox, JR; Gelineau-van Waes, JB

Published Date

  • November 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2209 - 2224

PubMed ID

  • 26264677

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1613-4133

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1613-4125

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mnfr.201500499


  • eng