Effects of pre-analytical variables on the anti-activated factor X chromogenic assay when monitoring unfractionated heparin and low molecular weight heparin anticoagulation.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the anti-activated factor X (anti-FXa) assay is less affected by pre-analytical variables in monitoring patients on unfractionated heparin (UFH) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) than the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Forty-six subjects receiving either enoxaparin (LMWH) or UFH were randomly selected. Each study subject had six vacutainer tubes (3.8% sodium citrate, 3.2% sodium citrate) drawn by an atraumatic venipuncture. One tube from each set had a blood to anticoagulant ratio of 9: 1. The other tube had an intentional "short-draw" of approximately 6: 1 blood to anticoagulant ratio. All specimens had an aPTT and a chromogenic anti-FXa assay performed on each specimen regardless of heparin type. The aPTT assay mean with the 3.8% sodium citrate tube short-draw tube was statistically different from the other aPTT assays (P = 0.06). However, all six of the mean anti-FXa assays for the UFH and LMWH heparin subjects were not statistically or clinically different (analysis of variance, P = 0.9878 for UFH and P = 0.9060 for LMWH). The intentional short-draw tube did not affect the anti-FXa assay regardless of the anticoagulant. The anti-FXa assay appears to be a better method for monitoring heparin subjects than the aPTT due to the lack of effect of pre-analytical variables.
McGlasson, DL; Kaczor, DA; Krasuski, RA; Campbell, CL; Kostur, MR; Adinaro, JT
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