beta-Hydroxybutyrate inhibits myocardial fatty acid oxidation in vivo independent of changes in malonyl-CoA content.
This study tested the hypothesis that an acute infusion of beta-hydroxybutyrate inhibits myocardial fatty acid uptake and oxidation in vivo. Anesthetized pigs were untreated (n = 6) or treated with an intravenous infusion of fat emulsion (n = 7) to elevate plasma free fatty acid levels. A third group received fat emulsion plus an intravenous infusion of beta-hydroxybutyrate (25 micromol.kg-1.min-1; n = 7) for 60 min. All animals received a continuous infusion of [3H]palmitate, and myocardial fatty acid oxidation was measured from the cardiac production of 3H2O. Plasma free fatty acid concentrations were elevated in the fat emulsion group (0.77 +/- 0.11 mM) compared with the untreated group (0.15 +/- 0.03 mM), which resulted in greater myocardial free fatty acid oxidation. In contrast, the group receiving beta-hydroxybutyrate in addition to fat emulsion had elevated beta-hydroxybutyrate concentration (0.87 +/- 0.11 vs. 0.04 +/- 0.01 mM), but suppressed fatty acid oxidation (0.053 +/- 0.013 micromol.g-1.min-1) (P < 0.05) compared with the fat emulsion group (0.116 +/- 0.029 micromol.g-1.min-1). There were no differences among the three groups in the tissue content for malonyl-CoA, acetyl-CoA, or free CoA or the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase; thus the inhibition of fatty acid oxidation by elevated beta-hydroxybutyrate did not appear to be due to malonyl-CoA inhibition of carnitine palmitoyl transferase-I or to an increase in the acetyl-CoA-to-free CoA ratio. In conclusion, fatty acid uptake and oxidation is blocked by an infusion of beta-hydroxybutyrate; this effect was not due to elevated myocardial malonyl-CoA content.
Stanley, WC; Meadows, SR; Kivilo, KM; Roth, BA; Lopaschuk, GD
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