Effects of carotid body tumor resection on the blood pressure of essential hypertensive patients.
Removal of carotid body (CB) improves animal models of hypertension (HTN) and heart failure, via withdrawal of chemoreflex-induced sympathetic activation. Effect of CB tumor (CBT) resection on blood pressure (BP) in subjects with HTN is unknown. A retrospective analysis of 20 subjects with HTN (BP≥140/90 mmHg or anti-hypertensives use) out of 134 with CBT resection. Short-term (30 days from surgery) and long-term (slope of regressions on time over the entire follow-up) changes in BP and heart rate were adjusted for covariates (interval between readings, total follow-up, number of readings and changes in therapy). Age and duration of HTN were 56±4 and 9±5 years. Adjusted short-term decreases in systolic (SBP: -9.9±3.1, p<0.001) and pulse pressures (PP: -7.9±2.7, p<0.002) were significant and correlated with their respective long-term changes (SBP: r=0.47, p=0.047; PP: r=0.54, p=0.019). There was a strong relationship between adjusted short-term changes in SBP and PP (r=0.64, p<0.004). Six (50% of responders or 33% of the total) had short-term falls of SBP ≥10 mmHg and of PP ≥ 5 mmHg. First study to show that unilateral CBT resection is associated with sustained reduction of BP in hypertensive patients. Targeted CB chemoreflex removal could play a role in the therapy of human HTN.
Fudim, M; Groom, KL; Laffer, CL; Netterville, JL; Robertson, D; Elijovich, F
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