Peripheral vascular complications during transcatheter aortic valve replacement: management and potential role of chronic steroid use.
PURPOSE: To report a case of a major vascular complication during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and the endovascular management thereof. Additionally, we discuss a possible correlation with long-term steroid use. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old woman with a history of critical aortic stenosis underwent elective TAVR. Her procedure was complicated by rupture of her right iliac artery, life-threatening retroperitoneal hemorrhage, and thrombus extending into the distal right lower extremity. This case was emergently managed by stent placement, thrombectomy, and tissue plasminogen activator via a percutaneous approach. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral vascular complications are common during percutaneous TAVR, and chronic steroid use may predispose patients. Endovascular management is often possible and may potentially save valuable time in emergent situations.
Fudim, M; Green, KD; Fredi, JL; Robbins, MA; Zhao, D
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