Genetic variations in the mTOR gene contribute toward gastric adenocarcinoma susceptibility in an Eastern Chinese population.
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Genetic variants in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) gene have become an interesting topic for the study of genetic susceptibility to cancer, but their associations with the risk of gastric cancer have not been fully investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a hospital-based case-control study of 1002 gastric cancer patients and 1003 cancer-free controls, we genotyped four potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs1034528G>C, rs17036508T>C, rs3806317A>G, and rs2295080T>G) of mTOR and assessed their associations with the risk of gastric cancer using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. We also used the multifactorial dimension reduction analysis to explore possible interactions and the false-positive report probabilities to assess significant findings. RESULTS: We found that rs1034528 CG/CC and rs3806317 GA/GG variant genotypes were associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer under a dominant model (adjusted odds ratio=1.27 and 1.22, respectively). In the combined analysis of all four SNPs under investigation, patients with 3-4 risk genotypes of mTOR had a significantly increased risk of gastric cancer (adjusted odds ratio=1.46, 95% confidence interval=1.19-1.79) compared with those with 0-2 risk genotypes. Stratified analysis indicated that this risk was more pronounced in subgroups of men, never-smokers, never-drinkers, and clinical stages III+IV. The multifactorial dimension reduction analysis suggested some evidence of interactions between the combined genotypes and other risk factors for gastric cancer. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that potentially functional SNPs of mTOR may individually or collectively contribute to the risk of gastric cancer. Larger studies with diverse ethnic populations are warranted to validate our findings.
Wang, M-Y; Li, Q-X; He, J; Qiu, L-X; Wang, Y-N; Li, J; Sun, M-H; Wang, X-F; Yang, Y-J; Wang, J-C; Jin, L; Wei, Q-Y
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