International Comparison of Poststroke Resource Use: A Longitudinal Analysis in Europe.

Journal Article

Long-term costs often represent a large proportion of the total costs induced by stroke, but data on long-term poststroke resource use are sparse, especially regarding the trajectory of costs by severity. We used a multinational longitudinal survey to estimate patterns of poststroke resource use by degree of functional disability and to compare resource use between regions.The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is a multinational database of adults 50 years and older, which includes demographic information about respondents, age when stroke first occurred, current activity of daily living (ADL) limitations, and health care resource use in the year before interview. We modeled resource use with a 2-part regression for number of hospital days, home nursing hours, and paid and unpaid home caregiving hours.After accounting for time since stroke, number of strokes and comorbidities, age, gender, and European regions, we found that poststroke resource use was strongly associated with ADL limitations. The duration since the stroke event was significantly associated only with inpatient care, and informal help showed significant regional heterogeneity across all ADL limitation levels.Poststroke physical deficits appear to be a strong driver of long-term resource utilization; treatments that decrease such deficits offer substantial potential for downline cost savings. Analyzing internationally comparable panel data, such as SHARE, provide valuable insight into long-term cost of stroke. More comprehensive international comparisons will require registries with follow-up, particularly for informal and formal home-based care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Matchar, DB; Bilger, M; Do, YK; Eom, K

Published Date

  • October 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 2256 - 2262

PubMed ID

  • 26277294

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8511

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1052-3057

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2015.06.020

Language

  • eng