Pathways among Caregiver Education, Household Resources, and Infant Growth in 39 Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Journal Article

Caregiver education is known to relate to the growth of children, but possible mediation mechanisms of this association are poorly characterized and generally lack empirical support. We test whether instructional capital (caregiver education) leads to improved infant growth through availability of physical capital (household resources) across a wide swath of low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS3), we explore relations among caregiver education, household resources, and infant (M age = .99 years) growth in 117,881 families living in 39 LMIC. Overall, household resources mediated 76% of the small association between caregiver education and infant growth. When disaggregated by countries characterized by low, medium, and high levels of human development (as indexed by average life expectancy, education, and gross domestic product), household resources mediated 48% to 78% of the association between caregiver education and infant growth. Caregiver education had effects on infant growth through household resources in countries characterized by low, medium, and high levels of human development; for girls and boys; and controlling for indexes of infant feeding and health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bornstein, MH; Putnick, DL; Bradley, RH; Lansford, JE; Deater-Deckard, K

Published Date

  • July 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 353 - 376

PubMed ID

  • 26273231

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-7078

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1525-0008

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/infa.12086

Language

  • eng