Using fluorine nuclear magnetic resonance to probe changes in the structure and dynamics of membrane-active peptides interacting with lipid bilayers.
The antimicrobial peptide MSI-78 serves as a model system for studying interactions of bioactive peptides with membranes. Using a series of MSI-78 peptides that incorporate l-4,4,4-trifluoroethylglycine, a small and sensitive (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance probe, we investigated how the local structure and dynamics of the peptide change when it binds to the lipid bilayer. The fluorinated MSI-78 analogues exhibited position-specific changes in (19)F chemical shift ranging from 1.28 to -1.35 ppm upon binding to lipid bicelles. The largest upfield shifts are associated with the most hydrophobic positions in the peptide. Changes in solvent isotope effects (H(2)O/D(2)O) on (19)F chemical shifts were observed for the peptides that are consistent with the MSI-78 solvent-inaccessible hydrophobic core upon binding bicelles. Transverse relaxation measurements of the (19)F nucleus, using the Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill pulse sequence, were used to examine changes in the local mobility of MSI-78 that occur upon binding to the lipid bilayer. Positions in the hydrophobic core of peptide-membrane complex show the greatest decrease in mobility upon binding of the lipid bilayer, whereas residues that interact with lipid headgroups are more mobile. The most mobile positions are at the N- and C-termini of the peptide. These results provide support for the proposed mechanism of membrane disruption by MSI-78 and reveal new details about the dynamic changes that accompany membrane binding.
Suzuki, Y; Buer, BC; Al-Hashimi, HM; Marsh, ENG
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