Classification of Cleft Lip/Palate: Then and Now.

Published

Journal Article

Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) is phenotypically diverse, making classification difficult. This article explores the evolution of ideas regarding CL/P classification and includes the schemes described by Davis and Ritchie (1922) , Brophy (1923) , Veau (1931) , Fogh-Andersen (1943), Kernahan and Stark (1958) , Harkins et al. (1962) , Broadbent et al. (1968), Spina (1973) , and others. Based on these systems, a longhand structured form is proposed for describing CL/P in a way that is clear, comprehensive, and consistent. A complementary shorthand notation is also described to improve the utility and convenience of this structured form.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Allori, AC; Mulliken, JB; Meara, JG; Shusterman, S; Marcus, JR

Published Date

  • March 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 175 - 188

PubMed ID

  • 26339868

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26339868

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-1569

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1597/14-080

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States