Gate-Free Electrical Breakdown of Metallic Pathways in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Crossbar Networks.
Aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) synthesized by the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method have exceptional potential for next-generation nanoelectronics. However, the coexistence of semiconducting (s-) and metallic (m-) SWNTs remains a considerable challenge since the latter causes significant degradation in device performance. Here we demonstrate a facile and effective approach to selectively break all m-SWNTs by stacking two layers of horizontally aligned SWNTs to form crossbars and applying a voltage to the crossed SWNT arrays. The introduction of SWNT junctions amplifies the disparity in resistance between s- and m-pathways, leading to a complete deactivation of m-SWNTs while minimizing the degradation of the semiconducting counterparts. Unlike previous approaches that required an electrostatic gate to achieve selectivity in electrical breakdown, this junction process is gate-free and opens the way for straightforward integration of thin-film s-SWNT devices. Comparison to electrical breakdown in junction-less SWNT devices without gating shows that this junction-based breakdown method yields more than twice the average on-state current retention in the resultant s-SWNT arrays. Systematic studies show that the on/off ratio can reach as high as 1.4 × 10(6) with a correspondingly high retention of on-state current compared to the initial current value before breakdown. Overall, this method provides important insight into transport at SWNT junctions and a simple route for obtaining pure s-SWNT thin film devices for broad applications.
Li, J; Franklin, AD; Liu, J
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