Recent Insights into Notch Signaling in Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

The Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved developmental network critical for embryonic and postnatal regulation of tissue growth, homeostasis, and repair. Signaling is initiated when transmembrane Notch ligands bind to transmembrane Notch receptors on nearby cells. Sequential proteolytic steps generate an activated Notch fragment that translocates to the nucleus, where it drives activation of canonical Notch target genes. In skeletal muscle, Notch signaling governs myogenic cell fate and stem cell maintenance. In the human soft tissue sarcoma rhabdomyosarcoma, which bears markers of skeletal muscle commitment and so is thought to be related to the skeletal muscle lineage, Notch signaling is also found to be upregulated and dysregulated. This review provides an overview of Notch signaling during normal embryonic and postnatal myogenesis, information on the recently discovered aberrant Notch signaling occurring in muscular dystrophies, the upregulation and mechanism of Notch signaling in the embryonal variant of rhabdomyosarcoma and related soft tissue sarcomas, and Notch cross-talk with other metazoan developmental pathways including Hippo, Hedgehog, Wnt, and TGF-β. The review concludes with updates on current promising efforts to target and inhibit Notch signaling in human sarcomas including rhabdomyosarcoma.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Conti, B; Slemmons, KK; Rota, R; Linardic, CM

Published Date

  • 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1235 - 1244

PubMed ID

  • 26343114

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26343114

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5592

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United Arab Emirates