A propagation model for provenance views of public/private workflows
We study the problem of concealing functionality of a proprietary or private module when provenance information is shown over repeated executions of a workflow which contains both public and private modules. Our approach is to use provenance views to hide carefully chosen subsets of data over all executions of the workflow to ensure Γ-privacy: for each private module and each input x, the module's output f(x) is indistinguishable from Γ-1 other possible values given the visible data in the workflow executions. We show that Γ-privacy cannot be achieved simply by combining solutions for individual private modules; data hiding must also be propagated through public modules. We then examine how much additional data must be hidden and when it is safe to stop propagating data hiding. The answer depends strongly on the workflow topology as well as the behavior of public modules on the visible data. In particular, for a class of workflows (which include the common tree and chain workflows), taking private solutions for each private module, augmented with a public closure that is upstream-downstream safe, ensures Γ-privacy. We define these notions formally and show that the restrictions are necessary. We also study the related optimization problems of minimizing the amount of hidden data. Copyright 2013 ACM.
Davidson, SB; Milo, T; Roy, S
Acm International Conference Proceeding Series
Start / End Page
International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)