Mainstreaming Impact Evaluation in Nature Conservation


Journal Article

© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. An important part of conservation practice is the empirical evaluation of program and policy impacts. Understanding why conservation programs succeed or fail is essential for designing cost-effective initiatives and for improving the livelihoods of natural resource users. The evidence we seek can be generated with modern impact evaluation designs. Such designs measure causal effects of specific interventions by comparing outcomes with the interventions to outcomes in credible counterfactual scenarios. Good designs also identify the conditions under which the causal effect arises. Despite a critical need for empirical evidence, conservation science has been slow to adopt these impact evaluation designs. We identify reasons for the slow rate of adoption and provide suggestions for mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Baylis, K; Honey-Rosés, J; Börner, J; Corbera, E; Ezzine-de-Blas, D; Ferraro, PJ; Lapeyre, R; Persson, UM; Pfaff, A; Wunder, S

Published Date

  • January 1, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 58 - 64

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1755-263X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/conl.12180

Citation Source

  • Scopus