Policy-induced technology adoption: Evidence from the U.S. lead phasedown

Scholarly Edition

Theory suggests that economic instruments, such as pollution taxes or tradable permits, can provide more efficient technology adoption incentives than conventional regulatory standards. We explore this issue for an important industry undergoing dramatic decreases in allowed pollution - the U.S. petroleum industry’s phasedown of lead in gasoline. Using a duration model applied to a panel of refineries from 1971-1995, we find that the pattern of technology adoption is consistent with an economic response to market incentives, plant characteristics, and alternative policies. Importantly, evidence suggests that the tradable permit system used during the phasedown provided incentives for more efficient technology adoption decisions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kerr, S; Newell, RG

Published Date

  • January 1, 2018

Start / End Page

  • 193 - 219

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9780815388227

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4324/9781351161084-11

Citation Source

  • Scopus